Information About Libya

General Information About Libya
Official Name: Libya
Geography
Location: North Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt, Tunisia, and Algeria, southern border with Chad, Niger, and Sudan.
Area: 1,759,540 sq. km.
Cities: Tripoli (capital), Benghazi.
Terrain: Mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions.
Climate: Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior.
Land use: Arable land–1.03%; permanent crops–0.19%; other–98.78%.
People
Nationality: Noun and adjective–Libyan(s).
Population: 6,541,948 (July 2015 est.)
Note: immigrants make up just over 12% of the total population, according to UN data (2015) (July 2016 est.)
Annual population growth rate: 1.8% (2016 est.)
Birth rate: 17.8 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate: 3.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Ethnic groups: Berber and Arab 97%; other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians).
Religion: Muslim (official; virtually all Sunni) 96.6%, Christian 2.7%, Buddhist 0.3%, Hindu <0.1, Jewish <0.1, folk religion <0.1, unafilliated 0.2%, other <0.1
Note: non-Sunni Muslims include native Ibadhi Muslims (<1% of the population) and foreign Muslims (2010 est.)
Languages: Arabic (official), Italian, English (all widely understood in the major cities); Berber (Nafusi, Ghadamis, Suknah, Awjilah, Tamasheq)
Education: Years compulsory–9. Attendance–90%. Literacy(age 15 and over who can read and write)–total population 82.6%; male 92.4%; female 72% (2003 est.).
Health: total: 11.1 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 12 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 10.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Total population: 76.5 years
Male: 74.7 years
Female: 78.3 years (2016 est.)
Work force: 1.153 million (2016 est.)
Government
Official name: Libya.
Type: in transition
Independence: Libya declared independence on December 24, 1951.
Revolution Day: February 17, 2011.
Constitution: The Constitution Drafting Assembly continued drafting a new constitution as of late 2016 (2016)
Administrative divisions: 22 districts (shabiyat, singular – shabiyat); Al Butnan, Al Jabal al Akhdar, Al Jabal al Gharbi, Al Jafarah, Al Jufrah, Al Kufrah, Al Marj, Al Marqab, Al Wahat, An Nuqat al Khams, Az Zawiyah, Banghazi, Darnah, Ghat, Misratah, Murzuq, Nalut, Sabha, Surt, Tarabulus, Wadi al Hayat, Wadi ash Shati
Major political parties: NA
Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal
Economy
Real GDP: $90.89 billion (2016 est.)
GDP per capita: $14,200 (2016 est.)
Real GDP growth rate: -3.3% (2016 est.)
Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, gypsum.
Agriculture: wheat, barley, olives, dates, citrus, vegetables, peanuts, soybeans; cattle
Industry: petroleum, petrochemicals, aluminum, iron and steel, food processing, textiles, handicrafts, cement
Trade: $10.65 billion (2016 est.)
Crude oil, refined petroleum products, natural gas, chemicals
Major markets: Italy 32.1%, Germany 11.3%, China 8%, France 8%, Spain 5.6%, Netherlands 5.4%, Syria 5.3% (2015)
Imports: $9.551 billion (2016 est.)
Machinery, semi-finished goods, food, transport equipment, consumer products
Major suppliers: China 14.8%, Italy 12.9%, Turkey 11.1%, Tunisia 6.5%, France 6.1%, Spain 4.6%, Syria 4.5%, Egypt 4.4%, South Korea 4.3% (2015)